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The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland found in the lower front of the neck. Its main job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood, then carried to every tissue in the body.

Thyroid hormones allow the body to use energy, stay warm, and keep the brain, heart, and other organs working properly. When the thyroid is out of control, it can make either too little or too much thyroid hormones, which can lead to other problems, such as weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, and restlessness.

After you’ve identified your thyroid condition, consider trying one of these herbs and spices below.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

The two main thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland cannot produce enough thyroid hormone to keep the body working properly, causing the body’s functions to slow down, including metabolism.

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, causing the body’s functions to speed up, including metabolism and heart rate.

Signs and symptoms of a thyroid disorder vary, but often include exhaustion, changes in appetite, high cholesterol levels, hair loss, improper regulation of body temperature, irregular sleeping patterns, and a hoarse voice or strange sensation in the neck.

7 herbs and spices for every thyroid condition

If you think you may be suffering from a thyroid condition, see a healthcare professional. Once the problem has been identified, try one of the following herbs and spices that can support your condition:

For hypothyroidism

Bladder sargassum

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Not only does this herb have a fun name, it can also be beneficial for those suffering from underactive thyroid conditions, thanks to its high iodine content. Iodine is one of the most important nutrients for the thyroid. Replenishing the body’s supply using sargassum can help improve an underactive thyroid.

Flaxseed

Flaxseed is known for its contributions to digestive health, but it is also a great herb for the thyroid. Those with an insufficient thyroid can use it to help increase the ratio of thyroid hormone in the body by consuming flaxseeds (freshly ground) on a daily basis. About one tablespoon a day is enough to reap the benefits.

Licorice

An underactive thyroid can cause fatigue, and licorice can help. Licorice helps promote thyroid hormone regulation while providing a gentle energy boost. Licorice also contains glycerretinic acid – a compound that has been investigated for its potential to inhibit the growth of certain types of thyroid cancer.

Evening primrose

This herb can help control the symptoms of a low thyroid. It works to reduce hair loss and calm heavy menstrual periods. Drinking this herb in the form of a tea is believed to be very beneficial.

For hyperthyroidism

Echinacea

It is known for its immune properties. Those who have an overactive thyroid can use the herb root to promote thyroid health. Simply infuse the roots in boiling water to make a healthy and nutritious tea.

Lemon balm

Lemon balm is a member of the mint family, and is considered to be a calming herb. It works directly on the thyroid gland by blocking part of the thyroid hormone in the body, helping to normalize the activity of an overactive thyroid gland.

General thyroid health

Nettle

Nettle is beneficial for overall thyroid health thanks to its high iodine content. It can help reverse an iodine deficiency. And making nettle tea is easy.

Ginger

There are many health benefits that ginger has, and promoting thyroid health happens to be one of them. Ginger is rich in zinc, magnesium, and potassium – nutrients the thyroid requires for optimal health. Use fresh ginger to make ginger tea mixed with some organic honey.

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